Start Design Your Online Store

Calendar is loading...
- Available
 
- Booked
 
- Pending
Whats App

Angular Translation & Localization

Yes Soft
Post Image

Since this blog is about translation and since our main targets markets here at Yes Soft are German and English speaking developers, this blog will be available in both Deutsch and English.

UI Designs

For simplicity sake UI will contain a login page only with a header and a welcome screen with “Hello world” welcome screen.

Getting Started

For this project I’m using Angular CLI v8.3.21

Cloning the Project

You need to execute:

git clone https://github.com/yes-soft-de/angular-translation.git
cd angular-translation
git checkout start 

Installing the Project

Use the command npm i on the project directory.

Adding the Translation Services

We have two ways to achieve that. The first is using i18n built-in service. The other is using ngx-translate.

In this tutorial, we shall discuss both and compare them to each other.

About i18n

  • Used in multiple subdomains structure like: en.example.com and de.example.com.
  • I couldn’t get a clear view on how to switch between the languages on the run time.
  • Uses XML format in the xlf file format.

About ngx-translate

  • Simpler to use
  • Uses http interceptor in order for translation.
  • Clear and easy lang_code.json translation file format.

i18n

Adding The Service

ng add @angular/localize

Shortcut for Extracting Translatable data

We add the following to package.json:

{
    "scripts": {
        // ...
        "int:extract": "ng xi18n --output-path src/locales",
        // ...
    }
}

Marking Data for Translation

For instance, if we want to change the lines in the Login form from Your Password to Ihre Passwort we start by changing the label tag to be as follows:

<!-- Add the i18n=".." to the label -->
<mat-label i18n="@@input-login-email">Your Email</mat-label>
<mat-label i18n="@@input-login-password">Your Password</mat-labe>

Extracting Data to Translation Templates

In order to generate the translation sheets, first execute:

npm run int:extract

When the command finishes you should see a new directory called locales in the src folder, inside you should find a file named messages.xlf with the content:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<xliff version="1.2" xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:xliff:document:1.2">
  <file source-language="en" datatype="plaintext" original="ng2.template">
    <body>
      <trans-unit id="input-login-email" datatype="html">
        <source>Your Email</source>
        <context-group purpose="location">
          <context context-type="sourcefile">src/app/components/login-page/login-page.component.html</context>
          <context context-type="linenumber">7</context>
        </context-group>
        <note priority="1" from="description">login form email</note>
      </trans-unit>
      <trans-unit id="input-login-password" datatype="html">
        <source>Your Password</source>
        <context-group purpose="location">
          <context context-type="sourcefile">src/app/components/login-page/login-page.component.html</context>
          <context context-type="linenumber">14</context>
        </context-group>
        <note priority="1" from="description">login form password</note>
      </trans-unit>
        
      <!-- Some Other Translation Units -->
      
    </body>
  </file>
</xliff> 

Making Translation Sheets

To start translation create one more file with the name messages.de.xlf and copy the content of messages.xlf into it.

After that, use the tag <target> to specify the translation of that particular text inside that tag.

The final file should look like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<xliff version="1.2"
  xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:xliff:document:1.2">
  <file source-language="en" datatype="plaintext" original="ng2.template">
    <body>
      <trans-unit id="input-login-email" datatype="html">
        <source>Your Email</source> 
        <!-- Notice This Tag, Translation Here -->
        <target>Ihre Email</target>
        <context-group purpose="location">
          <context context-type="sourcefile">src/app/components/login-page/login-page.component.html</context>
          <context context-type="linenumber">7</context>
        </context-group>
        <note priority="1" from="description">login form email</note>
      </trans-unit>
      <trans-unit id="input-login-password" datatype="html">
        <source>Your Password</source>
          <!-- And This Tag is translation also, since the tag is Target :) -->
        <target>Ihre Passwort</target>      
        <context-group purpose="location">
          <context context-type="sourcefile">src/app/components/login-page/login-page.component.html</context>
          <context context-type="linenumber">14</context>
        </context-group>
        <note priority="1" from="description">login form password</note>
      </trans-unit>
        
      <!-- Some Other Translation Units --> 
    </body>
  </file>
</xliff> 

Configuring the Project for Translation Service

Now in order for us to render that file we should add a configuration to our little project, now we can do that with editing angular.json to use that translation file.

{
    "projects": {
        "AngularInt": {
            "architect": {
                "build": {
                    "configurations": {
                        // Add these Configs
                        "de": {
                            "aot": true,
                            "outputPath": "dist/ishtar/",
                            "i18nFile": "src/locales/messages.de.xlf",
                            "i18nFormat": "xlf",
                            "i18nLocale": "de",
                            "i18nMissingTranslation": "error"
                        }
                    }
                },
                "serve": {
                    "configurations": {
                        // Some Code
                        "de": {
                            "browserTarget": "<project-name>:build:en"
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
} 

Replace <project-name> with the project name that you have.

Now, we can start serving localized versions of the website by adding another couple of scripts to package.json file as follows:

...
"scripts": {
	"start:de": "ng serve --configuration=de",
} 

Running Translated Project

Ok, that’s enough for preparation. Let us run the thing. To do that execute the following: npm run start:de

And voilĂ , it’s running in German.

You can find the final product in the final branch in GitHub.By the way, use admin for both Email and Password to login :).

ngx-translate

So, in order to start doing this, first we should add a dependency for the translation service and the loader that loads all the translation files.

Installing the Modules

It’s done with:

npm i @ngx-translate/core @ngx-translate/http-loader –save

Ok, now that we have done it, we should add the ngx-translate to the root module of the application, namely app.module.ts.

Importing the Modules

We can do that by adding the lines:

// Make Sure these Dependencies are Imported
import { HttpClientModule, HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import { TranslateModule, TranslateLoader } from '@ngx-translate/core';
import { TranslateHttpLoader } from '@ngx-translate/http-loader';

// And Add This Function
export function HttpLoaderFactory(http: HttpClient) {
  return new TranslateHttpLoader(http);
}

// And Add These lines to the dependencies annotation
@NgModule({
   imports: [
       // Add These dependencies
       // ...
       	HttpClientModule,
    	TranslateModule.forRoot({
      	loader: {
        	provide: TranslateLoader,
        	useFactory: HttpLoaderFactory,
        	deps: [HttpClient]
      	},
        // .... 

Creating the Translation Service

Under the assets folder, we should add a folder i18n. In this folder we should add en.json and de.json files that contain the translations.

en.json

{
    "login": {
        "email_hint": "Your Email",
        "input_password_hint": "Your Password",
        "login_btn": "login"
    }, "dashboard": {
        "welcome_msg": "Welcome"
    }
}  

de.json

{
    "login": {
        "email_hint": "Ihre Email",
        "input_password_hint": "Ihre Password",
        "login_btn": "Einloggen"
    }, "dashboard": {
        "welcome_msg": "Willkommen"
    }
} 

Using the language files

Now we can use should add the supported languages in the App component using:

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss']
})
export class AppComponent {
    title = 'translation-project';
    constructor(private translate: TranslateService) {
        translate.addLangs(['en', 'de'])
    	translate.setDefaultLang('en');
    	translate.use('en');
    }
}	

There are a couple of ways we can do, to change the text in the HTML, the easiest of which is using a directive, this way we can avoid making any changes in the ts files, making less code complications doing that.

Creating the Language Switch

<mat-toolbar color="white" class="app-header">
  <img src="https://yes-soft.de/wp-content/themes/yes-soft/img/logo.svg" alt="logo">

  <button mat-button (click)='switchLanguage()'>En/De</button>
</mat-toolbar> 

I shall add the switchLanguage as:

switchLanguage() {
    if (localStorage.getItem('lang')) {
      if (localStorage.getItem('lang') === 'en') {
        this.translationService.use('de');
      } else {
        this.translationService.use('en');
      }
    } else {
      this.translationService.use('en');
    }
  } 

Switching Languages in runtime

Now we can use the Directive in the Login form as:

<form [formGroup]="loginForm" (ngSubmit)="login()">
        <mat-form-field appearance="fill">
          <!-- Like This -->
          <mat-label translate='login.email_hint'></mat-label>
          <input matInput inputmode="email" formControlName="email">
        </mat-form-field>

        <br>

        <mat-form-field appearance="fill">
          <mat-label translate='login.password_hint'></mat-label>
          <input matInput type="password" formControlName="password">
        </mat-form-field>

        <br>
		<!-- Or Like This -->
        <button mat-raised-button color="primary">{{'login.login_btn' | translate }}</button>
      </form> 

Note: the directive didn’t work directly on the material button, that’s why we used a span inside the button.

And we should change the Dashboard Screen as:

<div id="welcome-container">
  <h1 translate='dashboard.welcome_msg'></h1>
</div> 

Done, we can try now switching the language from the browser using: ng serve --o

Categories : Blog, e-commerce, ISHTAR
Tags: , , ,

User Avatar
Yes Soft ( Yes Soft )

There Is No Biography


: 22
: Yes Soft
« »

1 Comment


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Copyright © 2020 Yes Soft - All right reserved.
Implemented By Yes Soft Team.